Pfizer's Besponsa receives European approval for adults patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor ALLRead Now
Pfizer has announced that the European Commission has approved Besponsa (inotuzumab ozogamicin) as monotherapy for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory CD22-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This indication includes treatment of adults with Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) as well as Philadelphia chromosome negative (Ph-) relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor ALL. Adults with Ph+ relapsed or refractory CD22-positive B-cell precursor ALL should have failed treatment with at least one tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). With this approval, Besponsa becomes the first and only antibody drug conjugate (ADC) available for patients with this type of leukemia in the European Union (EU).
“The European Commission’s approval of Besponsa represents an important milestone for patients, the oncology community and Pfizer,” said Andreas Penk, M.D., regional president, Pfizer Oncology. “This is the first approval for Besponsa and provides patients in the EU, who are battling an especially hard-to-treat leukemia, with a new treatment option beyond chemotherapy.”
ALL is an aggressive type of leukemia that can be fatal within a matter of months if left untreated. The goal of treatment in relapsed or refractory (resistant) ALL is to achieve complete remission without excessive toxicity so patients may proceed to additional therapeutic intervention, particularly stem cell transplant, which is the most recognized option to prolong patient survival, maintenance therapy or other therapy. In adult patients with relapsed or refractory ALL, median overall survival is just three to six months. The current standard of care is intensive chemotherapy, which is effective in less than 50 percent of relapsed or refractory patients and associated with poor long-term survival, high toxicities, lengthy inpatient stays and continuous infusions.
“Acute lymphoblastic leukemia that has recurred or is refractory following first-line therapy is a rare and rapidly progressive disease with poor prognosis,” said Professor David Marks, Department of Hematology, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, United Kingdom. “The approval of Besponsa (inotuzumab ozogamicin) provides a much needed treatment option for physicians and patients alike, that may help improve outcomes for some of the most vulnerable leukemia patients in Europe.”
The European Commission’s approval of Besponsa is supported by results from the Phase 3 INO-VATE ALL trial, in which 326 adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor ALL were enrolled and which compared Besponsa to standard of care chemotherapy. The INO-VATE ALL study had two primary endpoints, complete response with or without hematologic recovery (CR/CRi) and overall survival (OS). Results from the trial were published in The New England Journal of Medicine in June 2016.
In the US, Besponsa received Breakthrough Therapy designation from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in October 2015 for ALL. A Biologics License Application (BLA) for Besponsa for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor ALL was accepted for filing and granted Priority Review by the FDA in February 2017. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) goal date for a decision by the FDA is August 2017.
With a growing hematology pipeline, Pfizer is committed to extending therapeutic progress in acute and chronic leukemias that leverage select pathways and mechanism of actions (MOAs). Specifically, our investigational products aim to treat some of the hardest to treat leukemias and lymphomas including, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).
Besponsa is approved as monotherapy for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory CD22-positive B-cell precursor ALL in the EU. Adult patients with Ph+ relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor ALL should have failed treatment with at least one TKI.
The most common (= 20%) adverse reactions associated with Besponsa were thrombocytopenia (51%), neutropenia (49%), infection (48%), anaemia (36%), leukopenia (35%), fatigue (35%), haemorrhage (33%), pyrexia (32%), nausea (31%), headache (28%), febrile neutropenia (26%), increased transaminases (26%), abdominal pain (23%), increased gamma-glutamyltransferase (21%), and hyperbilirubinaemia (21%).
The most common (= 2%) serious adverse reactions associated with Besponsa were infection (23%), febrile neutropenia (11%), haemorrhage (5%), abdominal pain (3%), pyrexia (3%), veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (VOD/SOS) (2%), and fatigue (2%).
In the Phase 3 INO-VATE ALL trial (N=164 patients treated with Besponsa), VOD/SOS was reported in 22 (13%) patients including 5 (3%) patients during study therapy or in follow-up without an intervening hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Among the 77 patients who proceeded to a subsequent HSCT (6 of whom received additional salvage therapy after treatment with Besponsa before proceeding to HSCT), VOD/SOS was reported in 17 (22%) patients. Five of the 17 VOD/SOS events that occurred post-HSCT were fatal.
VOD/SOS was reported up to 56 days after the last dose of Besponsa without an intervening HSCT. The median time from HSCT to onset of VOD/SOS was 15 days (range: 3-57 days). Of the 5 patients who experienced VOD/SOS during treatment with Besponsa but without an intervening HSCT, 2 patients had also received an HSCT before Besponsa treatment.
Among patients who proceeded to HSCT after Besponsa treatment, VOD/SOS was reported in 5/11 (46%) patients who received an HSCT both prior to and after Besponsa treatment and 12/66 (18%) patients who only received an HSCT after Besponsa treatment.
Besponsa is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) comprised of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting CD22, a cell surface antigen expressed on cancer cells in almost all B-ALL patients, linked to a cytotoxic agent. When Besponsa binds to the CD22 antigen on B-cells, it is internalized into the cell, where the cytotoxic agent calicheamicin is released to destroy the cell.
Besponsa originates from a collaboration between Pfizer and Celltech, now UCB. Under the terms of this agreement, Pfizer has sole responsibility for all manufacturing and clinical development activities for this molecule. Pfizer also collaborated with SFJ Pharmaceuticals Group (SFJ) on the registrational program (INO-VATE ALL) for Besponsa.